In the USA the federal Income Taxes:
Those that make all the money will pay all the taxes. Those that make most of the money will pay most of the taxes.

Check the table in green below

v      So why is the top earners share of all taxes so large? Answer, because they make most of the money. Their income has grown astronomically while the bottom 90 % of earners income have remained the same or decreased in last 20 years or longer.

v      From 1992 to 2011 Notice how the income of the top 10% has grown more than 10 times that of 1992

v      The Income of the lower 90% has not grown or has decreased

v      Because of the increase income of the top 10%, their total taxes have increased and their share of all taxes collected has also increased

v      Because the income of the lower 90% has not increased, their taxes have not increased and their share has decreased

v      The high income earners have seen their tax rate go down from 26% to 17% since 1992

v      Looking back even further to 1915, an era in which the Rockefellers and Carnegies dominated American industry, 

      the richest 1% of Americans earned roughly 18% of all income.

v      Today, the top 1% account for 24% of all income.The share of total income going to the top 1 percent of earners, which stood at 8.9 percent in 1976, rose to 23.5 percent by 2007,

but during the same period, the average inflation-adjusted hourly wage declined by more than 7 percent.

 

    1992 tax rate   % of total  After tax Income
  Income in 1992 Tax rate Tax amt tax collected  
Top 10% $1,000,000 26.00% $260,000.00 97.20% $740,000.00
Lower 90% $50,000 15.00% $7,500.00 2.80% $42,500 
    Total taxes----> $267,500.00  
   
       
    Current   % of total   
  Income now Tax rate Tax amt tax collected  
   
Top 10% $10,000,000 17.00% $1,700,000.00 99.65% $8,300,000.00
Lower 90% $50,000 12.00% $6,000.00 0.35%  $44,000
 
    Total taxes----> $1,706,000.00